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Douglasien nicht sturmfester als Fichten - Ergebnisse von Dauerbeobachtungsflächen in Südwestdeutschland

In the Annals of Forest Science  (DOI 10.1007/s13595-012-0244-x), european researchers conclude that under current forest management approaches, Douglas-fir may be considered a species with high storm risk in Central Europe, comparable to that of Norway spruce:

 

Storm damage of Douglas-fir unexpectedly high compared to Norway spruce

Axel Albrecht* & Ulrich Kohnle* & Marc Hanewinkel**& Jürgen Bauhus***


*     Department of Forest Growth, Forest Research Institute Baden-Wuerttemberg, 79100 Freiburg, Germany
**   Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Zürich, Switzerland
*** Institute of Silviculture, University of Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany


  • Context: Since storm damage has a large impact on forest  management in Central Europe, we investigated the main storm risk factors for two important conifer species, Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii [Mirbel] Franco) and Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.).
  • Aims: We compared general storm damage levels of Douglas-fir and Norway spruce, the latter being known to have high storm risk among European tree species. Methods Generalized linear mixed models and boosted regression trees were applied to recorded storm damage of individual trees from long-term experimental plots in southwest Germany. This included two major winter storm events in 1990 and 1999. Over 40 candidate predictors were tested for their explanatory power for storm damage and summarized into predictor categories for further interpretation.
  • Results: The two most important categories associated with storm damage were timber removals and  topographic or site information, explaining between 18 and 54 % of storm damage risk, respectively. Remarkably, general damage levels were not different between Douglas-fir and Norway spruce.
  • Conclusion: Under current forest management approaches, Douglas-fir may be considered a species with high storm risk in Central Europe, comparable to that of Norway spruce.

 

Read the full paper online:  

http://www.springerlink.com/

(Fully accessible to all users at libraries and institutions that have purchased a SpringerLink license)

 

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